POLAR Time Interventions
Our reading intervention during POLAR Time targets 3 different areas of reading: phonics, fluency and comprehension. Each child works in one of the above areas until they reach grade level expectations. Phonics and fluency are building blocks to the ultimate goal, which is grade level reading comprehension. Each area is described in more detail below.
Reading Recovery (grade 1 only)
A short-term, one-to-one, intervention for first grade students who struggle to learn to read and write. Children have daily 30-minute lessons with a trained Reading Recovery teacher for 12-20 weeks with the goal of accelerating learning to reach the class average.
Leveled Literacy Intervention (K-5)
The Fountas & Pinnell Leveled Literacy Intervention System (LLI) is a small-group, supplementary literacy intervention designed to help teachers provide powerful, daily, small-group instruction for the lowest achieving students at their grade level. Through systematically designed lessons and original, engaging leveled books, LLI supports learning in both reading and writing, helps students expand their knowledge of language and words and how they work. The goal of LLI is to bring students to grade level achievement in reading.
Guided Reading (Small Group Instruction)
Small group work where the teacher supports each reader’s development of effective strategies for processing new texts at increasing levels of difficulty. The teacher carefully groups children according to need, selects a book to introduce, and works with individual students as each reads the book in its entirety. Discussion, focused teaching, and optional word work complete the lesson.
Phonemic Awareness and Phonemic Decoding (Fundations)
Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. This understanding improves students’ word reading and comprehension and helps them learn to spell. To decode words, learners must recognize the letters in the word, associate each letter with its sound, hold these sounds in sequence in memory, blend these sounds together to determine the word and retrieve the memory of the words. Together, phonemic awareness and phonemic decoding are key foundational skills for beginning readers.
Explicit Instruction of Fluency
A fluency intervention is selected based on student’s area of need and is taught through modeling, guided practice, group practice, and independent application. Growth is monitored to determine the impact whereby strategy is continued or abandoned.
Explicit Instruction of Comprehension
A comprehension intervention is selected based on student’s area of need and is taught through modeling, guided practice, group practice, and independent application. Growth is monitored to determine the impact whereby strategy is continued or abandoned.
Our math intervention during POLAR Time targets 5 different areas of math: forward and backward number sense, structuring, addition and subtraction, multiplication and division and place value. Each child works in one of the above areas until they reach grade level expectations. These math interventions are game based and are developed by teachers that have specialized training in Math AddVantage. Each area is described in more detail below.
Forward and Backward Number Sense
Students learn the names of numbers (number words), symbols for numbers (numerals) and the forward and backward sequence of numbers starting with single digits and moving up as grade level expectations require.
Students work on combining and splitting apart numbers without using counting by ones. Students develop their understanding of doubles and the five and ten as reference points. Example of work in structuring: Break 5+7 into 5+5+2.
Addition and Subtraction
Students build off of the understanding of the structure of numbers (see above) and develop a range of strategies in which to add and subtract.
Multiplication and Division
Students work to conceptually understand multiplication (equal groups or repeated addition) and division (sharing or repeated subtraction). Students develop a range of strategies in which to mulitply and divide.
Students develop a sense of the relative size of numbers and know the difference between 10 and 1. They learn ways of relating multi-digit numbers to each other, as well as learn about decimals and how to organize numbers based on their grade level expectations.